Focus on global distribution, international travel, environmental factors, international relations, global health and human rights are increasing worldwide. Tropical Medicine and International Health is a multidisciplinary field including infectious and non-infectious diseases, epidemiology, parasitology, tropical medical microbiology; medical entomology, clinical diseases and medicine of the tropics, tropical public health, community medicine, travellers medicine and international health. In the present era, the challenges faced are poverty, failing public health infrastructure, poor governance and antibiotic resistance.
Tropical Medicineis a branch of medicinethat deals with prevention and control of health problems. The field of tropical medicine has expanded to include non communicable and infectious diseases, neglected tropical disease, HIV/AIDS, zoonotic diseases, emerging infections, travel medicine and emergency care intropicaland subtropical regions.
Tropical hygiene is concerned with prevention and control of tropical diseases. Preventive measures of tropical hygiene have promising impact on public and community health. Tropical hygiene through improved sanitation conditions and stringent precautions can prevent these diseases. The advice and expertise of experienced and skilled health specialists of tropical medicine is important in controlling and preventing these diseases. Through a sound healthcare system, these diseases can be diagnosed early and controlled by following hygienic conditions.
New drugs are being developed for prevention and treatment of different zoonotic diseases such as filariasis and schistosomiasis. Development of better vaccines and improved vaccine delivery systems are targeted to eradicate various viral infections like small pox, poliomyelitis and measles. Factors like global warming, contribute to the spread of vectors of diseases such as Zika, Dengue and Chikungunya to new areas. Travellers medicine focuses on controlling spread of tropical diseases to other countries.
International health authorities aim at promoting health, disease prevention and clinical care in another nation. The health resources have dramatically increased through international efforts, thus, improving global health. The results of international health initiatives designed to deliver life saving interventions on a large-scale are fruitful and official health development aid has almost tripled.
There is an impressive improvement in the process of innovating new drugs and vaccines through strategic R&D partnership. The research collaboration often involves bilateral relationship with a high income country. Access to health services is gradually increasing, but affordability and quality of these services needs improvement. There is a need to strengthen health systems of developing countries in par with those of developed nations. Increased migration rate and international travel has also had a major impact on health systems in both developing and developed countries. These challenges related to health demand innovative solutions and coordination of strategies across borders.
The purpose and scope of developing International health regulations is to provide public health response to prevent international spread of diseases in ways that avoid public health risks and unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade. They are intended to have long-lasting relevance in international response to the emergence and spread of diseases. International health regulations also provide legal help with respect to health documents applicable for international travel and transport via roads, airports, ports.
Online Course in Tropical Medicine
James Lind Institute (JLI) provides an online program, Advanced PG Diploma in Tropical Medicine, Surveillance and Immunization that can help in better job opportunities in the field of Tropical medicine and International health. After completing the advanced diploma you are eligible for a lateral entry to the Masters in Public Health or Master of Science in Health Management at The International Telematic University, UNINETTUNO, Rome, Italy (Universit Telematica Internazionale UniNettuno ‘UTIU’).
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