Health is the core indicator of sustainable development. Affordability, universality and quality are the key attributes of any healthcare system. Poor health effects all-round growth of the nation by limiting economic opportunities thus leading to poverty within communities. In addition, lack of proper access to healthcare continues to remain the major challenge of the healthcare systems. Especially, women across the world lack access to sexual and reproductive healthcare and as a result thousands of new HIV/AIDS cases are reported each day. Though a remarkable success has been achieved in providing access to clean water and sanitation and combating the spread of various communicable and non-communicable diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, polio and HIV/AIDS, there exists a constant need to address many persistent and emerging health issues.