Sexual and reproductive health related problems of child marriage, adolescent pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are increasing in some African regions. The gulf between legal sexual and reproductive health rights and the reality in the region is enormous. The obstacles of sexual and reproductive health are daunting, thus new modern healthcare strategies are required.
Reproductive Health and HIV Services
Merging two souls together might seem like mixing two drops of water but when it comes to merging two different health care sectors a lot of obstacles stand in course. The integration of the reproductive health and HIV services bring forth merger for the betterment of society in general as both have a common seeking ground when it comes to health care concerns and nuances thus leading to greater health care efficiency in terms of time, money and quality.
Nigerian Perspective on SRH from a Global Point of View
Globally we stand at crossroads. You may ask the reason why. At one juncture we are growing in terms of knowledge, empowerment, and education and in other we are declining in these very same terms. India is a developing country which has shown a step towards empowerment of women though it has taken its own slow paced time of 50 odd years post its independence.
Adolescence is a stage of vulnerabilities enveloped with changes both physically and mentally. Major percentage of community population are adolescent thus it is crucial that knowledge and awareness of sexual and reproductive health problems and services is not just a form of education but a necessity for survival. As they are faced with challenges of unhealthy sexual pattern such as early sex experimentation, unsafe sex and multiple sexual partners resulting in early marriage, teenage pregnancies, unsafe abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV, and other life threatening problems. However, the majority of developing countries like India, Pakistan, and Africa, the availability, accessibility, and utilization of these health services are not adequate both structurally as well as financially resulting in an alarming rise in the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) problems. An estimate of 333 million new cases of curable STIs occurs mostly in developing countries with the highest rate among 20–24 years old, followed by those between the ages of 15 and 19 years. It is estimated that 1.3 million adolescent girls and 780,000 adolescent boys were living with HIV worldwide, and 79% of new HIV infection among adolescents were in Sub-Saharan Africa.