Public health surveillance is a scientific tool to collect, analyse and interpret health related data through evaluation and implementation of public health practices to prevent and control various diseases and injuries. The surveillance empowers decision makers, donors, ministry of finance or health to effectively manage and promote timely evidence based solutions.
Public health information systems like immunization registries can meet public health demands for assurance and assessment, support clinical decision-making and offer cost effective quality healthcare.
Public Health System
The areas of concern in healthcare emphasized are methods of prevention, access to quality and affordable healthcare which is dependent on the availability and support of information collected, analyzed, recorded and disseminated through developed health information systems. Electronic health records in medical arena help control costs, allow quality healthcare coordination, reduce errors and unnecessary testing. Electronic health records are a tool used to improve health information exchange and deliver health services to healthcare providers by facilitating the transfer of medical information.
The limited and inadequate resources of MalawiHealthcare systemcannot fully address factors plaguing the population like maternal and infant mortality; hygiene and sanitation; high burden of diseases of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. The focus rather than being diverted on preventative medicine still remains fixed on improving economy and human rights. Thus, the mission of Department ofPublic Healthis to improve healthbenefits and efforts towards Malawipopulation through quality publichealth services, educational programs, policy-making, researchand development.
The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Ghana in partnership with various agencies and stakeholders through development and implementation of policies aims at improving the health care standards. Ministry of Health is responsible for providing public health services, managing Ghana’s healthcare infrastructure, and developing Ghana’s hospitals and medical education system. The demand for professionals in public health services, management and safety is growing at a rapid pace in Ghana.
Obesity: A Major Public Health Concern in Today’s Youth
Obesity has grown to be a major public health problem in developed and developing nations due to reduced physical activity and numbers are seen to rise among adults, adolescents as well as in children. This has resulted in the vicious cycle of increased cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and hypertension. Sedentary lifestyle is a primary risk factor for these diseases.
What is Public Health?
Most of the diseases are preventable through simple precautions. For example, washing hands with soap can prevent the spread of various contagious infections. Vaccination is one the most popular prophylactic practices being followed for many years as a preventive public health measure. Use of condoms during sexual intercourse prevents the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. All these measures are excellent examples to simplify the concept of public health interventions. Further, public health also includes measures to prevent a disease outbreak by controlling the spread of pathogen.
“Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things”. Leadership is the guide which makes sure that the work system is in order. Developing countries lack the right leadership to steer the healthcare system adequately towards a healthy and efficient podium. The recent outbreak of ebola is nothing but a consequence of a weak link primarily focusing on the characteristic role of a leader.
As of 2015, Kenya had a population of about 46 million of which rural population constituted 74.4%. Though Kenya witnessed tremendous advance in health sector, it still continues to face the burden of tropical diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which results in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Tuberculosis is one of the top five causes Continue reading
Maternal and child health continue to be largely overlooked aspects of healthcare system leading to major risks associated with pregnancy and child birth. This could be associated to lack of awareness and inadequate health-care facilities such as skilled personnel, infrastructure and access to medicines and emergency care when needed. Continue reading
Despite the implementation of National Rural Health Mission since 2005 to provide quality healthcare to population in rural India, there are some formidable challenges confronting public hospitals. These challenges are associated with the social, economic, cultural and political scenarios of the country. It is unfortunate that, sometimes even basic healthcare becomes unaffordable to many common people due to the policies framed by governing bodies. Continue reading