Drug Addiction: A public health concern
Addiction is the repeated involvement with a substance or activity, despite the substantial harm it now causes, because that involvement was (and may continue to be) pleasurable and/or valuable. An addicted individuals initial decision may be voluntary to take drugs however with time loses control over the usage of the drug. Basically, repeated usage of drug impairs the central nervous systems (neurophysiological effect) ability to control the usage of the drug. A 0.6% worlds adult population is involved in illicit use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana resulting in an indirect increase in diseases such as HIV, hepatitis C,B specially among injecting drug users. It also increases the global burden of disease on a growing economy like India by affecting the productivity and increasing the crime rate thus regressing the social growth, stability and prosperity of a nation.
The exponential growth of the pharmaceutical industry over the past few decades has resulted in expanding career opportunities for life science professionals. Drug safety monitoring is a vital component of the healthcare system and the data thus accrued defines the duration of the life cycle of a pharmaceutical product. Professionals trained in drug safety management monitor the safety of the medical products to detect and prevent adverse reactions as well as to improve and ensure global safety of public healthcare.
Why is drug safety monitoring important?
Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) are among the top ten leading causes of death in most of the countries. An adverse drug reaction could be any unintended reaction in patient’s body which occurs as a result of administration of drug. Drug safety monitoring is a risk mitigation exercise in which the ADRs caused by therapeutic drugs, biologicals or devices can explored, prevented or minimized.