Online MPH in Botswana

Online MPH Botswana
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Botswana is one of Africas most stable countries with affordable healthcare system. The clinics, hospitals and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Botswana deal with different public health issues.

Public Health in Botswana

Healthcare system in Botswana is decentralized with extensive network of accessible and vital healthcare facilities available at a highly subsidized fee. The Ministry of Health in Botswana is the principal healthcare provider responsible for the policies, goals and strategies related to health development and delivery.

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Industry Sponsored Clinical Trials

Industry sponsored clinical trials
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The Industrial Push

Clinical drug trials in todays times are majorly funded by the Pharmaceutical Industry thus increasing the dilemma and doubts in the minds of consumers regarding the commercialization of research. Due to the unprecedented control of the Pharmaceutical industry influencing the research to promote a drug is commonly observed. A conflict of interest is considered to exist when an author or authors company has a financial or personal relationship with organizations thus influencing their actions. Thus the impartiality of a research in todays time is threatened hence now its become imperative for investigators to disclose any form of financial conflict. However a large number of studies have reported an increase in disclosure of funding sources in research published thus promoting transparency. Manuscript guidelines hence have been revised to ensure the authors not only have an independent role in research but also are accountable for published result. At the same time these disclosure of conflict of interest have been known to be inconsistent and prone to deception. It is imperative not only for the investigators to know the best practices of disclosure but also for the medical writers, statisticians and other research staff.

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Public Health Surveillance

Public Health Surveillance
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Public health surveillance is a scientific tool to collect, analyse and interpret health related data through evaluation and implementation of public health practices to prevent and control various diseases and injuries. The surveillance empowers decision makers, donors, ministry of finance or health to effectively manage and promote timely evidence based solutions.

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Medical writing scope

Medical Writing Scope
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Medical writers communicate scientific and clinical information to different types of readers.Medical writers through their contributions are recognised as an important part of evolving healthcare and pharmaceutical industry.

Present scenario of medical writing

Medical writers prepare scientific and regulatory documents to communicate medical or scientific information to various stakeholders. Medical writers prepare documents required for regulatory approval (regulatory medical writing); presentation, posters, newsletter (commercial writing); manuscripts, abstracts, journal articles, etc (publication writing).

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Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Health Promotion & Disease Prevention
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Health Promotion: The first step to fighting a disease

Health promotion covers a wide aspect governed by multitude factors. As defined by WHO it is The process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves far beyond the comprehension of individual behavior towards a wider dimension of sociodemographic, environmental and political interventions. It includes social welfare as an integral part of the total health, which is intimately linked to the social environment and the living and working condition. Thus occupational safety and health standards though a distinct body in itself is also an integral part of health promotion as it forms an individual sphere where a larger aspect with repeated sessions can be conducted. It should be kept in mind that health promotion is a dynamic process which is essential for maintain a regular flow of information

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Healthcare Ethics

Healthcare Ethics
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Healthcare Ethics: A dwindling Practice

Healthcare ethics revolves around providing care and treatment to patient by imparting medical benefit which is imperative for patients well being. Due to full disclosure policies exposing intimate details can make an individual vulnerable thus ethics helps in protecting both the patients and even doctors a certain amount of protection. However its far from the truth these days. Poor ethical conduct and increasing litigation against the healthcare professionals is the talk of the hour. These are primarily because of the growing awareness amongst individuals and healthcare professionals flouting rules to cut cost and increase profit. Medical ethics need to be incorporated in curriculum as per cultural, socioeconomic and geographical background. However we need to analyze the knowledge and attitude of healthcare practitioners regarding ethical practices.

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Drug Abuse and Public Health

Drug Abuse and Public Health
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Drug Addiction: A public health concern

Addiction is the repeated involvement with a substance or activity, despite the substantial harm it now causes, because that involvement was (and may continue to be) pleasurable and/or valuable. An addicted individuals initial decision may be voluntary to take drugs however with time loses control over the usage of the drug. Basically, repeated usage of drug impairs the central nervous systems (neurophysiological effect) ability to control the usage of the drug. A 0.6% worlds adult population is involved in illicit use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana resulting in an indirect increase in diseases such as HIV, hepatitis C,B specially among injecting drug users. It also increases the global burden of disease on a growing economy like India by affecting the productivity and increasing the crime rate thus regressing the social growth, stability and prosperity of a nation.

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