The World Health Organization (WHO) is a head body of the United States that coordinates health issues and raises great concern for community diseases and disorders. A new Global Health Sector Strategy developed by the WHO on HIV/ AIDS proposed a basic approach in health programmes over the next five years in many countries. The strategy focuses mainly on the advancements in the act of prevention and treatment using novel ideas and knowledge that broadens our understanding of the disease – HIV/ AIDS which is currently one of the major challenges in health. These are designed to act on every demand of a rapidly evolving epidemic disease.
A retrovirus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infects the immune cells that destroy their function. With the onset of infection, the immune system of the body gets weaker and an individual turns susceptible to more infections. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the most advanced stage of HIV. An HIV-infected person takes 10 to 15 or longer years to develop full blown AIDS. Multiple modes of transmission exist such as unprotected sexual intercourse, blood transfusion of an HIV infected person, usage of shared infected needles, breastfeeding of a child or during pregnancy. All of these modes of transmission have one thing in common which is the exchange of body fluids between an infected and an uninfected person.
The World Health Organization (WHO) along with UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Emergency Funds) and UN-AIDS Secretariat has issued reports that monitor key components of the worldwide health sector’s response to HIV. Ever since 2006, the UN Member states committed to a universal access to HIV prevention, care and treatments. However, WHO and its partners have been advertising and creating awareness for continued progress in low and middle income countries that provides awareness on how to overcome persistent challenges.
It is said that, with Health we have Hope and with this firm hope we can achieve anything possible. The Cola-Cola African foundation provides health programs especially in HIV- AIDS and Malaria. Like many other countries in Africa, Tanzania is one country that is suffering serious consequences from HIV/ AIDS that restricts the country’s development. Therefore, volunteers with Global Service Corps (GSC) Tanzania’s HIV/ AIDS prevention and Nutrition Education Program have used the weapon of ‘Education’ to promote the awareness of HIV/AIDS among the local populations. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has funded multiple rural development projects while the Canadian Food Grains Bank and some other funding agencies support to offer formal training and education to groups that are affected by HIV/ AIDS. There are several HIV/ AIDS prevention and Nutrition education programs that signify just one aspect of GSC’s work to improve the health of Tanzanian people by thoroughly increasing the security of food and improvement of nutrition as well.
Africa is now soon to stay free from AIDS, partly due to external aids from funding agencies. There has been a steep fall in the infection rates especially in women and the prevalence rate has fallen drastically with various modes of prevention & care for HIV infected people. As a result the death rate has also decreased. A greater access to anti-retroviral therapy in combination with the usage of condoms have suppressed the spread of HIV/ AIDS in Africa. However, to provide a sustained supply of any of those anti-retroviral drugs has been quite a challenge for these funding agencies and their major focus too.